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How are Traits passed onto the Next Generation?

Answer- The Law of Inheritance — Mendel’s Law – is important in understanding how genetic traits are passed down from generation to generation. Heredity is the process by which a child inherits traits from its parents during reproduction.

Each person has 22 chromosomes, one from each parent. Because genes are on chromosomes, we get two copies of each gene from each parent, plus one pair of sex chromosomes each.

The rules of heredity determine inherited traits. We inherit these features from our ancestors via our DNA (eye color, hair color, height etc). Each attribute has two variants in a child. During cell division, chromosomes are transported into the new individual’s cell, transmitting traits to the following generation.

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