Answer- Reproduction is a trait of living things. Without reproduction, a species perishes. Reproduction is the process of creating a new organism by transferring genetic material. This occurs in two ways: sexual and asexual reproduction.
Asexual reproduction – Asexual reproduction involves a single parent giving birth to a new child. For asexual reproduction, consider these options:
- Binary fission
- Spore growth
However, sexual reproduction requires two parents. In fertilisation, male and female organisms create gametes that unite to form zygotes. The zygote then divides to make new progeny. The new creature so generated has the same number of chromosomes as both parents and thus has their characteristics. It is an advanced way of reproduction when two individuals of opposite genders work together to create new varieties. Asexual reproduction has little to no variation, making them identical copies of their parents.