Answer- Microbes are everywhere. They are omnipresent because they can survive in harsh climates. They have the ability to proliferate swiftly, making it tough to eradicate them. Bacteria is one such microbe. Bacteria are prokaryotic organisms that lack cell organelles and a nucleus but have cell walls. They are found naturally in rocks, dirt, oceans, mountains, etc.
Bacteria can cause deadly diseases. Tetanus is one example. Lockjaw is a serious bacterial disease that targets the neurological system, causing intense neck and jaw muscular contractions. It can cause breathing problems and even death. Tetanus is not curable, but its complications can be controlled.
Bacterial Infection Causes
It is caused by Clostridium tetani, a bacterium formed up of spores. It is found in animal excrement, dust, and dirt. When these spores encounter bodily tissues, they grow into bacteria that can produce tetanospasmin (a harmful toxin). This toxin destroys the body’s motor nerves, causing spasms and stiffness, which are illness symptoms.
Getting tetanus shots or having an open wound increases the risk of getting this disease. It can also be caused by body piercings, tattoos, drug injections, compound fractures, burns, and dental infections. Tetanus binds with nerve terminals and is irreversible. It takes months for new nerve endings to sprout.
Bacterial Infection Symptoms
Pain, spasms. Jaw muscles are the first to be stiff. Spasms progress to the throat, neck, and facial muscles. Leg and abdominal muscles are affected. It affects the back muscles and affects the body posture. It leads to fractured bones, pulmonary embolism, and death.
Bacterial Infection Treatment
If a person has open wounds, tetanus immunoglobulin should be given immediately. Antibodies kill microorganisms in it. Treatment includes metronidazole or penicillin. Others are given tetracycline if they are allergic to other drugs. Tetanus-related muscular difficulties are treated with diazepam and baclofen.